One of the things that set the Bolsheviks (later the Communist Party of the Soviet Union) apart from other organizations of the time was their commitment, at least in theory, to women’s equality. Yesterday, March 8th, was International Women’s Day, a day annually celebrated by the Soviet Communist Party after the success of the 1917 Russian Revolution.
Click on the PDF link below and go to page 75 to answer the following questions:
1. What did fathers give to men marrying their daughters before the revolution?
2. What was the “double burden” for Russian women?
3. What did Lenin call this?
4. Do you agree with his terminology? Explain why or why not.
5. List 3 ways that Soviet Communist leaders tried to turn “the wife of a person into a person.”
6. What were “Hero Mothers” and why did Stalin create the reward for them?
7. How did sexist gender roles impact the pay of medical doctors in Russia?
8. Select one of the 7 sources in the boxes below the text. Explain what it is about and your opinion on it.